Sunday, August 23, 2020

Burmese Days an Example of Imperialism Free Essays

Burmese Days: An Example of Imperialism Nineteenth century industrialization carried new wealth and influence to Western Europe, driving the extension of chances and the structure of realms in lacking domains. Despite the fact that the created nations carried numerous cutting edge advances to immature countries, they additionally brought furious bigotry and European pomposity. Burmese Days by George Orwell was written in 1834 as an ironical perspective on English supreme life in Burma. We will compose a custom article test on Burmese Days: an Example of Imperialism or on the other hand any comparable theme just for you Request Now Orwell gives a reasonable perception of the pomposity the English showed towards the locals and how they legitimized their activities. Europeans carried numerous new advancements to the nations that they imperialized. They assembled railways and different kinds of foundation, and they got new innovation weaponry and assembling. In any case, it appears that their outrageous egotism had the most effect on the local individuals. Cecil Rhoads embodies the mentality of all Europeans when he says â€Å"I fight that we are the best race on the planet and that the a greater amount of the world we possess the better it is† (Hunt et al 802). In spite of the fact that Orwell’s characters in Burmese Days are English, the disposition was not selective to the English. Chase et al examines how King Leopold of Belgium asserted the Congo district of focal Africa â€Å"inflicting on nearby Africans unrivaled demonstrations of cruelty† (801). The way that the Europeans figured themselves better than every single other race appears to give them authorization to treat the local individuals in any way they pick. Ellis is a case of an extraordinary bigot in Orwell’s work. Ellis is an individual from the European Club, a chief at the lumber organization, and is the most frank and clearly supremacist character in the novel. He heaves forward a revilement of foul language and verbally abusing coordinated towards the Burmese individuals at each chance. Nobody can prevail upon him or change his disposition, as he is totally oblivious to any charming characteristics of the local individuals. He is angry of Flory, the hero, who has a warmth for the Burmese and who thinks about Burma his home. In spite of the fact that Flory has an affection towards the Burmese individuals, he despite everything sees himself as better than them which is particularly shown through his connections his Mistress, Ma Hla May. On the day he meets Elizabeth, when Ma Hla May shows up he advises her â€Å"Go away right now. In the event that you raise any hell I will a short time later take a bamboo and beat you till not one of your ribs is whole† (Orwell 87). It is suspicious that he would help through with the beating, yet the danger shows his sentiment of predominance. The perspectives of the English aren't right, however maybe justifiable. They expect that in light of the fact that the Burmese are not instructed in a similar way as the English, they are not as clever. Since the nation isn't industrialized they have no aspiration. Since they are unassuming and don't battle the English (who have firearms), they have given up to their common spot in the public eye. Since their skin is earthy colored rather than white, they are not wonderful. One must question how history would change if the Europeans of the nineteenth century and all individuals up to today would decide to learn and comprehend the way of life of others as opposed to pass decisions and make presumptions. Similarly as battles between the upper and lower class were conceived from an absence of comprehension for the different man’s condition in the beginning of industrialization, the equivalent is valid for the hours of government. The English in Burmese Days have assumed responsibility for the territory with no thought to the predicament of the local individuals. They are more grounded and in their own reality they are more astute. The solid command the powerless, and the frail must choose the option to submit. One can be confident that solid social orders will gain proficiency with the prizes of building others up through instruction and sharing as opposed to tearing others down through predominance and separation. At long last, Burmese Days is a miserable story. The hero, John Flory ends it all over the loss of the lady he cherishes. In any case, the saddest piece of the story is that the English never truly find the blunder of their boss mentality. Despite the fact that these are anecdotal characters, obviously they will experience existence with their grandiose perspectives, and will never recognize what the Burmese can instruct them. They have persuaded themselves so altogether that their activities are defended; there is no expectation for change for them, however there is still trust in us. Work Cited Hunt, Lynn et al. The Making of the West: Peoples and Cultures. Boston. Bedford/St. Martin’s. 2007. Orwell, George. Burmese Days. New York. Harcourt, Brace World, Inc. 1950. The most effective method to refer to Burmese Days: an Example of Imperialism, Papers

Friday, August 21, 2020

The letter box Essay Example

The letter box Paper John Searles Chinese room contention endeavors to clarify the distinction between working machines and the human psyche. Let us envision that an English talking man who realizes no other language has been placed in a little room. On the divider is a letter box and on the floor is a book of rules and a notebook. From time to time a bit of paper with Chinese composing is gone through the letterbox. The rulebook discloses how to process the composition, it advises the man to duplicate certain characters onto the scratch pad. Thebook gives a code illuminating the man what ought to be composed by what is on the paper at first sent through the letter box. When he has decoded the message he sends the answer back through the letterbox as a response to the inquiries he got, complying with the standards contained in the book. As time passes by the man turns out to be increasingly more practiced at his specific employment. To a Chinese passerby doubtlessly the individual in the room was a familiar Chinese speaker. Searle thinks about the movement of this man to the action of a machine or PC. The man didn't have to comprehend the Chinese to have the option to offer an ideal response. Thusly the PC doesn't comprehend or appreciate what it is doing, it just procedures data. We will compose a custom paper test on The letter box explicitly for you for just $16.38 $13.9/page Request now We will compose a custom article test on The letter box explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer We will compose a custom paper test on The letter box explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer Searle said that the man (and consequently machine) needed deliberateness and had just a linguistic capacity rather than a semantic one. This implies the machine can't know about the importance of the data it forms despite the fact that it utilizes right punctuation to speak with. Just delivering yield because of contribution as per certain guidelines doesn't comprise human idea. Searle utilizes this contention to disprove the purported Strong Artificial Intelligence position of certain scholars who accept that coding languages accomplishes something other than speak to human idea (by means of programming); rather, it truly is human idea. A psychological test contending against Searles thinking and supporting Strong AI is the Turing test. Alan Turing, who built up the primary present day PCs, guaranteed that in future years it could be conceivable to make a machine that had a brain. Turing envisioned the accompanying: There is an investigator, a machine and an individual. The investigative specialist is situated in a different space to the machine and the individual. The individual and machine are marked either x or y, the cross examiner is ignorant which is x and which is y. The investigative specialist must ask x and y inquiries, his point is to figure which is the machine and which is the individual. The point of the machine is to make the cross examiner surmise that the individual is in certainty the machine; the target for the individual is to help cause the investigative specialist to figure effectively. Turing accepted that later on it would be very possible for a machine to deceive the investigative specialist in excess of 70% of the time. Turing accepted this demonstrated machines were equipped for deduction. The issue with this contention is that in light of the fact that the PC is equipped for tricking the investigative specialist into trusting it is human doesn't legitimately compare to the end that the machine is a reasoning thing. It appears to be more probable that the PC has just been modified with the right responses to utilize and in all actuality has no comprehension of what his answers really mean. Educator Jefferson contended, Not until a machine can compose a poem or make a concerto on the grounds that out of contemplations and feelings felt, and not by the possibility fall of images, might we be able to concur that machine rises to cerebrum that is, compose it as well as realize that it had composed it. No instrument could feel (and not simply misleadingly signal, a simple invention) delight at its victories, misery when its valves meld, be warmed by honeyed words, be committed hopeless by its errors, be enchanted by sex, be furious or discouraged when it can't get what it needs. 3 Having mindfulness and information on the substance and significance of thought is the thing that Searle portrays as purposefulness and is an element of human reasoning which machines would never recreate due to their very nature as created, counterfeit elements. Taking everything into account, I feel that it appears to be unthinkable for machines to ever have minds. The psyche seems, by all accounts, to be an absolutely otherworldly thing that couldn't be transplanted into a machine. Besides the procedure that a machine experiences isn't thought yet programming. Everything the machine knows originates from the creator. To state that machines have minds resembles saying that regardless of whether a detestable daemon controlled and planted each idea in our minds, we would at present be free speculation creatures with cognizant personalities. By and by I think that its difficult to imagine the monist approach, however a few endeavors are made to clarify the psyche from a monist viewpoint, which in any case gives the brain an extraordinary position that couldn't only be reproduced by created, counterfeit machines. Such a methodology is taken by the individuals who consider the to be as a developing property of the physical piece of the body (explicitly cerebrum). A solitary particle of water couldn't be wet or hot or cold; it is just on consolidating with a huge number of atoms in an unpredictable group that properties rise that we partner with water. So with the psyche our opportunity and purposefulness rise up out of the unpredictable course of action of our natural bodies, which are special to people and creatures and couldn't be shared by machines. For a great many people utilizing a contention from sound judgment it feels that our psyches are free and unattached to our physical bodies. I along these lines presume that an absolutely physical man-caused machine to can never have its very own genuine psyche. What's more, subsequently as a general rule it would make it outlandish for James the Red Engines thought4 and feelings to really exist.

Thursday, July 9, 2020

The Main Themes of The Story Of An Hour - Free Essay Example

Kate Chopin, the only child of 5 to survive into adulthood. Her piece The Story of an Hour can be perceived in different ways. It is just as the title describes, a story that occurs within the span of an hour. One could regard it as just a return from death stories and forget about it. However, this short story has a much more in depth meaning and attempts to make a statement about womens rights and maybe even humanity. In most cases death ensues grief or sorrow whereas in this story, death brings a mixture of those along with jubilation and a sense of newfound independence. Kate Chopin made the heroine of the story Louise portray how marriage can be confining and something like enslaving or a form of servitude rather than being a mutually loving partnership. Mr. Mallard our heroiners husband is believed to have died from a railroad crash which we can equate this to change in life or the act of moving on. Through his death, his wife would be transitioning from being a wife to being an individual with goals and aspirations. The story opens with the author making known that Mrs.Mallards heart trouble will play a role in the story and her sister felt that because of this, relaying the news of her husbandrs death had to be taken with great caution. Upon discovering the news, she understandably begins to cry and grieve in her room as she requests to be alone. Grief turns to reflection as she looks back on her life, and the reality of a new life without her husband present begins to settle in. Louise feels this overbearing feeling building up though she tries to fight it, she is aware of its presence. The feeling is far from grief as to be expected, but happiness for the new freedom that has been seemingly bestowed upon her. Chopin describes th e emotions of Louise and there is a variance in the language used. We see this in the quote And yet she loved him-sometimes. Often she did not showing how indifferent her emotions are in contrast to where her true feelings are seen through change in language. The simple statement above is stunted by What did it matter! What could love, the unsolved mystery, count for in the face of this possession of self-assertion which she suddenly recognized as the strongest impulse of her being! When the emotions Louise experiences become stronger, the syntax and diction changes. She ponders over the funeral day and knows that shell be brought to tears but for reason other than sadness. The bondage she feels marriage brings is for both men and women and she attempts to shut out the fact that she had feelings for her husband and through this we start to wonder just how sad this marriage really was. We can infer that Louise is an older women from the statement earlier in the story describing her as having a fair calm face with lines projecting repression. We later come to see that as being incorrect, the lines Chopin speaks of are a result of Louisers unhappiness with her marriage as well as possibly her heart condition. She attempts to bite back the words Free! Free! Free! (Chopin 4), however, in doing so she also seems content doing so. The death of her husband seemed to be seen as freedom of being under the rule of another and even freedom from a man she did not fully love. We dont know her first name at the beginning of the story and as the story progresses and t is revealed, we can see that Chopin does this in an attempt to show Louise trying to regain her identity lost upon marriage. Thinking on the time, wives of the latter part of 19th century were legally tied to their husbands will. However, widows did not bear the same obligations and had more recognition and thus, more of a handle on their lives. Regardless of how good of a husband Brently Mallard was to his wife, Chopin suggested that any relationship presents some limitation whether intentional or not. Mrs. Mallard looks outside her window and sees the trees with new life as spring approaches. All her eyes can see from the window are signs of new life which is worded very effectively as spring is equated with a sign of rebirth and renewal and her husband died around this time of year. In the statement that she would live for herself only in the coming years, Chopin suggests that the life she was living before was one in which her husband wanted for her rather than how she wanted to live.

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Atomic Bomb On Hiroshima, Japan, And The World War II

There is no way to justify killing people, simply, because it is wrong and immoral, but what if it’s done to protect your own people? Would it be justified then? President Truman thought so. In 1945, during the heightened onslaught of World War II with Japan, Harry S. Truman was faced with a difficult decision that would determine the future of the War and the future of our nation. Before Franklin D. Roosevelt passed away, he had been working on a secret, powerful, nuclear weapon that not even his Vice President knew about. This weapon was geared up and ready to end the War, but it came at a price. The radioactive material inside the bomb was only about the size of an orange, but it could wipe out an entire population. On August 6th, 1945 Truman makes the difficult decision to drop the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan. The bomb killed 140,000 people and destroyed 80% of the buildings in the city. This was the beginning of a new age. Three days later Truman dropped the sec ond bomb on Japan killing 70,000 people. Emperor Hirohito of Japan was forced to surrender on August 14th, 1945, in order to salvage the rest of his country. Although there was massive devastation in Japan, I believe President Harry Trumans’ actions were justified because the dropping of the atomic bomb gave Japans leadership the final jolt it needed to surrender and it saved lives on, not only the American side, but also the Japanese side of the war. During World War II in the Pacific, the JapaneseShow MoreRelatedA Closer Look at the Bombings in Hiroshima and Nagasaki1485 Words   |  6 PagesUnited States to surrender in the war and rejecting each one, the Japanese set themselves up for disaster. On August 6, 1945 the course of history was changed. Two atomic bombs were dropped on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima, and three days later, August 9, 1945, on Nagasaki that ended World War II. Japan had already been a defeated nation from conventional bombs and World War II. M any innocent lives were lost, psychological scars were left on the lives of the bomb survivors, and thus many livesRead MoreAtomic Bombs On Hiroshima And Nagasaki844 Words   |  4 PagesDuring World War II Americans dropped atomic bombs over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki killing nearly 200,000 people. This resulted in Japans surrender in World War II. J. Samuel Walker analyzes this historical event in his book Prompt and Utter Destruction: Truman and the Use of Atomic Bombs. Over the past 70 years’ extensive research has been conducted and there is an understanding that Truman’s decision to drop the atomic bombs is inconclusive. It is impossible to determine thatRead MoreHiroshima, Japan, And Japan1352 Words   |  6 PagesAnswers Who: Hiroshima, Japan and Nagasaki, Japan Leader of Japan: Hideki Tojo, Minister of war Leader of United States: General Douglas MacArthur Hiroshima Hiroshima is a city located in Honshu, Japan. On August 6, 1945, Hiroshima became the first city in the world to be struck by an atomic bomb. (Hiroshima, From 1868 it was a military center, and was a target for the atomic bombing by U.S. during World War II. Nagasaki Nagasaki is a city located in KyushuRead MoreJapan Bombs : Was It Necessary?1188 Words   |  5 PagesRyan Nguyen Arr. 5 Japan Bombs: Was it necessary? In August of 1945, the US dropped one of the deadliest weapons ever made onto Hiroshima and Nagasaki, it was a barbarous and inhumane thing to do to another country. Even though the US believed that by dropping the bomb, World War II would be over, it was not necessary because Japan had already tried to negotiate peacefully and its military was already collapsing during that time. The consequences of the atomic bomb were stunning. According toRead MoreThe Atomic Bomb Of Hiroshima1701 Words   |  7 Pages‘The Atomic Bomb; a bomb which derives its destructive power from the rapid release of nuclear energy by fission of heavy atomic nuclei, causing damage through heat, blast, and radioactivity’. On August 6 1945, at 8:15 am local time, the city of Hiroshima in Japan, home to 350 000 people, became the first victim of the destructive war weapon. As of this vicious and devastating day, world history was changed forever. The long and short-term significance of this event shaped the way in which peopleRead MoreAtomic Bomb Essay923 Words   |  4 PagesThe Atomic Bomb was the deadliest weapons in the history of war. Throughout World War II one of the most stubborn countries to surrender was Japan who relentlessly fought against the United States of America. After failing to defeat America, Japan was overwhelmed by allied forces. Staying with traditio n however, Japan would rather die in battle than to surrender. The Soviet Union also fought against America but that was towards the end of the war. The United States dropped both of the Atomic BombsRead MoreWas Hiroshima Necessary? Or Hiroshima? Essay1661 Words   |  7 PagesWas Hiroshima Necessary?   Ã‚  Ã‚   After the Japanese dropped the bomb on Pearl Harbor, the United States took serious offense to it. The Americans dropped the bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki because of them dropping the bomb on Pearl Harbor. America dropped the bomb because President Harry Truman commanded that if the Japanese made any attack on us, we would attack them. This bomb badly affected Japan. At least 140,000 Japanese people died, including 20,000 soldiers by December of 1945. At least 90% ofRead MoreThe Dropping Of The Atomic Bomb Essay1734 Words   |  7 Pagesdropping of the atomic bomb was used to save American lives; the most common excuse as to why President Harry Truman decided to drop the atomic bomb on Japan. In Major Problems in the History of World War II it has been discussed in the chapter The Atomic Bomb and the End of World War II that former President Truman recalled how he learned about the atomic bomb project as well as the public opinion on the Atomic Bomb. I believe that t he solution that Truman gave when dropping the Atomic Bomb should notRead MoreWhy the United States Dropped the Atomic Bomb: Persuasive Essay1259 Words   |  6 PagesThe atomic bomb is the subject of much controversy. Since its first detonation in 1945, the entire world has heard the aftershocks of that blast. Issues concerning Nuclear Weapons sparked the Cold War. We also have the atomic bomb to thank for our relative peace in this time due to the fear of Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD). The effects of the atomic bomb might not have been the exact effects that the United States was looking for when they dropped Little Boy and Fat Man on Hiroshima and NagasakiRead MoreHiroshima, By John Hersey1021 Words   |  5 PagesOn August 6, 1945, the tragedy struck Hiroshima, Japan. At exactly 8:15 a.m. an atomic bomb had been dropped and ruined the lives of millions. In a book called, â€Å"Hiroshima†, written by John Hersey. Mr. Hersey was born on June 17, 1914 in Tientsin, Chi na. He was a prize-winning journalist and writer. Keep in mind one of the earliest practitioners of the New Journalism, in which storytelling methods of fiction are immuned to realist reportage. He won three awards, The Pulitzer Prize for Fiction, Anisfield-Wolf

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Rita Hayworth and Shawshank Redemption - 1218 Words

The story of Rita Hayworth and Shawshank Redemption starts in 1947 when Andy Dufresne arrives at Shawshank prison. Unlikely the other convicts Andy is not a hardened criminal. He is a soft-spoken banker convicted of killing his wife and her lover. Andy claims he is innocent. Soon after he arrives at the prison The Sisters, a gang of prison rapists led by Bogs Diamond, turn their attentions to Andy. The story is narrated by Red. He is the guy who can get stuff. Red his well known for being able to get almost anything into Shawshank prison, and this is the reason that Andy approaches him. Andy has kept himself to himself, but one day approaches Red in the exercise yard. Andy used to enjoy rock-carving, and wishes to continue to do so†¦show more content†¦Other companies cannot compete with this low-cost labor, and often bribe warden Norton not to bid on contracts. This cash has to be laundered, and Andy does this for free, for continued protection in the prison, and the sake of the library. A new prisoner called Tommy comes to Shawshank prison. Tommy tells another prisoner, who tells Andy, that Tommy had had a cellmate at a different prison who bragged about killing a rich golfer and some hot-shot bankers wife, and the banker getting jailed for it. This is clearly the real killer of Andys wife. Andy sees the possibility of a new trial since this evidence would prove his innocence. Warden Norton dismisses the story, telling Andy to ignore this made up story. When Andy argues with him warden Norton sends Andy to solitary confinement, to remind Andy of his place in the prison hierarchy. Norton interviews Tommy about the information he has. Norton is concerned about loosing Andy, and makes a deal with Tommy. Tommy will not talk of the information he has, and he gets transferred to a minimum security prison. In the movie Tommy is shot by guard Hadley. When Andy returns from solitary confinement he finds Tommy gone, along with any chance of Andys freedom. In Andys disappointed state he talks at length with Red. Andy tells Red of his dream of moving to Mexico, and settling in the small town of Zihuatanejo on the Pacific coastline. Red starts to worryShow MoreRelatedRita Hayworth and the Shawshank Redemption1219 Words   |  5 Pagesjustice in the prison system is relevant in Stephen Kings, novella, Rita Hayworth and Shawshank Redemption. The Cause of this corruption was the greed of the administrators, and the lasting effects it had on the prisoners mentally, physically, and emotionally. Many of the prisoners were affected mentally by the administration of Shawshank; the key players included Warden Samuel Norton. Norton embodies the contradictory corruption of Shawshank. He justifies his manipulation in the name of faith, and theRead MoreRita Hayworth and The Shawshank Redemption Essay1092 Words   |  5 Pagesis a staggering amount of corruption in the prison system that is caused by pressure on the inmates as well as the employees in Rita Hayworth and the Shawshank Redemption by Stephen King. The aforementioned corruption contributes greatly to many of the main plot points in the story such as; the harassment of the prisoners, the smuggling of contraband items into Shawshank, and the prisoners making their own lives easier by using the corruption for their own purposes. Corruption is a main cause ofRead More Hope Springs Eternal: Rita Hayworth and Shawshank Redemption by Stephen King2812 Words   |  12 PagesHope Springs Eternal: Rita Hayworth and Shawshank Redemption by Stephen King A wise man once said, â€Å"Memory is the library of the mind.† All of the events in one’s life, ranging from birth to the present, are stored in this complex catalog of experience. There they remain untouched and collecting dust until a time of need, much like the scores of books found in today’s libraries. No matter how obscure, their topics represent the various trials of life that build one’s character and foreverRead MoreRita Hayworth and the Shawshank Redemption1034 Words   |  5 PagesThe story of Rita Hayworth and Shawshank Redemption begins in 1948 when Andy Dufresne arrives at Shawshank prison. In contrast to most other convicts, hes not a hardened criminal but a soft-spoken banker, convicted of killing his wife and her lover. Like everyone in Shawshank, he claims to be innocent. Like most newcomers, Andy gets in trouble with the sisters. They are a gang of sodomites led by Bogs Diamond that gang up on anyone they feel they can handle, and A ndy is no exception. Not until muchRead MoreRita Hayworth And The Shawshank Redemption Analysis1362 Words   |  6 PagesClose Comparative Analysis Of Stephen King’s Rita Hayworth and the Shawshank Redemption and Frank Darabont’s The Shawshank Redemption When comparing the ending of Stephen King’s novella, Rita Hayworth and the Shawshank Redemption with the ending of the 1994 film adaptation by Frank Darabont, The Shawshank Redemption, there are key differences. These include additions, removals and slight changes in the narrative which arguably make the storyline better suited to the completely different mediumRead MoreAn Analysis of Stephen Kings Novella Rita Hayworth and the Film The Shawshank Redemption914 Words   |  4 PagesShawshank Redemption Courage can be found and proved in any setting, even a prison. Stephen Kings novella Rita Hayworth and the Shawshank Redemption is about a man named Andy Dufresne who is arrested, tried, and convicted for the double homicide of his wife and her lover despite the fact that he is innocent. Throughout the story Andy is subjected to abuse after abuse. First he is wrongfully imprisoned. Then he is used by the prison guards and the warden for his financial and business acumen. HeRead MoreThe Shawshank Redemption Is An American Drama Film Directed By Frank Darabont1707 Words   |  7 PagesThe Shawshank redemption is an American drama film written and directed by Frank Darabont in the year 1994, starring Tim Robbins and Morgan Freeman. The film’s screenplay has been adapted from the Stephen King Novella Rita Hayworth and Shawshank redemption and talks about the life of a man named Andy Dufresne, a banker who is sentenced to life imprisonment in the Shawshank State prison for murder of his wife and her lover, even despite his claims of innocence. While the main genre of the film isRead MoreShawshank Redemption Essay1037 Words   |  5 PagesShawshank Redemption Sarmad Syed Hum. 150 October 27, 2011 Hilary Clay Hicks Shawshank Redemption is a film, directed by Frank Darabont adapting it for screen, based on Stephen king novella â€Å"Rita Hayworth and the Shawshank redemption.† This film takes the audience on a journey of despair and hope of individuals in Shawshank prison. Constant routine, forced conformity, power abuse and the struggle of hope. The use of lighting, camera angles, music and different shots areRead MoreThe Shawshank Redemption Analysis Essay examples775 Words   |  4 PagesThe Shawshank Redemption While Darabonts film The Shawshank Redemption presents a sense of resolved conflict at the end, it seems that Darabont has used the mis-en-scene to express a series of conflicting themes. These themes being corruption and justice, brutality and kindness and freedom and imprisonment. At the beginning of the film we are presented with damaged characters; Andy, Red, Brooks and Tommy, who are grappling with grief and unresolved conflict. The new prisoner Andy creates chaosRead MoreShawshank Redemption1188 Words   |  5 PagesIn the film ‘The Shawshank Redemption’ by Frank Darabont, it informs us about the hardships in the prison of Shawshank and hopes to achieve freedom. The characters in Shawshank Redemption present a variety of social issues. Throughout Andy and Red’s sentence in prison, issues of identity, motivation, and anxiety are brought about within the film. Darabont shows us the affects of prison life during and after a prisoner’s sentence in prison . Shawshank Redemption portrays these social issues through

Corporation Law of Australia

Question: Discuss about the Corporation Law of Australia. Answer: Introduction There are certain methods and procedures to be followed for the formation a company. For determining the framework of a company certain legal obligations have to be met with. According to Section 112 of the Corporations Act, 2001, companies are divided into proprietary companies and public company. However the focus will remain on proprietary companies, its formation and registration process. Proprietary companies can be further divided on the basis of shares. They may be either limited by shares or have unlimited share capital. Registration of a Proprietary Limited Company A proprietary company is discussed at length. The requirement for a proprietary company is to have at most 50 shareholders who are not employees of the proprietary company in order to- Register itself as a proprietary company. Change itself into a proprietary company. Continue to remain as a proprietary company. Certain constraints and regulations have to be followed in order for a proprietary company to be formed like- One of the directors should be living in Australia. A registered office and address should be there in Australia for the purpose of registration. One of the company secretaries should be living in Australia. By limited it means the liability to pay debts by the shareholders is in combination with the amount of shares held by them. As per Section 117 of the Corporations Act, 2001, a method of registration for a company to form is given (, 2016). There is a registration form which requires the following details- The nature of the company which is purported to be registered within this Act. The decided name of the company unless the name becomes the Australian Company Number. Members name and addresses. Details of the person who gives assent to become director like family name, date and place of birth. Details of the person who gives assent to become the company secretary like family name, date and place of birth. The person who assents to become the director or company secretary, his or her address. The address to which the office of the company is registered. The decided opening time for the proprietary company. For a company to be registered under the Australian Securities and Investment Commission, a number is given to the company known as Australian Company Number (ACN). The number should be present in- Common seal and other seals of the company. Documents publicly issued, published or signed at the instance of the company. On the behalf of the company, negotiable instruments signed, issued or published. Documents to be presented to the ASIC as per the Act. A proforma of a registration form can be shown as below- COMPANY NAME JABY PROPRIETARY LIMITED COMPANY ADDRESS 8/C, WINSLOW AVENUE, NSW, AUSTRALIA-2055 PROPRIETORS NAME ERIC LASHLEY RESIDENTIAL ADDRESS OF PROPRIETOR 2/Y, ROLAND STREET, NSW, AUSTRALIA-2055 Section 169 of the Corporations Act, 2001, says that when a company has more than 50 members an index of their names should be there (, 2016). A share register is to be maintained which will contain- Class of share and the amount held by the member. Date of the allotted share. Amount of shares allotted to each member. Fact as to whether the shares are fully paid or not. If shares are not fully paid, how many unpaid shares are there. Displaying the share certificates of the shares. Section 134 of the Corporations Act, 2001, internal governance is discussed as to the manner how the domestic environment is to be administrated (, 2016). Section 135 of the Act takes into consideration the replaceable rules. A company may use the rules as it matches with the local management (, 2016). According to Section 140 of the replaceable rules apply to the company as a contract between- Company and employees. Company, directors and the company secretary. The members themselves. Sub section 2 of Section 254A of the Act talks about the power to issue preference shares considering the fact that rights pertaining preference shares are there in the constitution of the company in these matters- Pay back of capital. Using excess assets and profits. Cumulative and non cumulative dividends. Voting matters. Deciding the order in which dividends and capital in relation to other shares or classes of preference shares (, 2016). According to Subsection 3 of Section 254A of the Act redeemable preference shares that are issued with a condition of redemption (, 2016). This happens- When a particular time span is given or subject to happening of an incident. If company wishes to do so. If the shareholder wants to do so. References (2016).Corporations Act2001 - SECT 117. [online] Available at: [Accessed 16 Sep. 2016]. (2016). Corporations Act2001 - SECT 134. [online] Available at: [Accessed 16 Sep. 2016]. (2016). Corporations Act2001 - SECT 135. [online] Available at: [Accessed 16 Sep. 2016]. (2016). Corporations Act2001 - SECT 169. [online] Available at: [Accessed 16 Sep. 2016]. (2016). Corporations Act 2001 - SECT 254A. [online] Available at: [Accessed 16 Sep. 2016].

Wednesday, April 22, 2020

Prevention of Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci an Example of the Topic Health Essays by

Prevention of Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci Recently, in the US, there has been an increase in occurrences of infections caused by enterococi bacteria. These bacteria have developed resistance to treatment with vancomycin (vancomycin-resistant enterococci or 'VRE'). Besides, being resistant to vancomycin, they also seem to withstand treatment with other drugs, and may also transfer their resistance-providing genes to other bacteria (such as Staphylococcus aureus). Need essay sample on "Prevention of Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci" topic? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you Proceed Hospitals and healthcare organizations need to take certain precautions to prevent spread. Various sections of the hospital need to cooperate. Some of the issues that need to be looked into include careful use of vancomycin, training and creating awareness amongst the healthcare workers, prompt detection of VRE using appropriate clinical and diagnostic tools, and providing infection-control interventions. The main aim of these interventions is to prevent spread of VRE to the hospital staff, residents, visitors or the general public; allow individuals with VRE to visit hospitals freely and seek treatment services; and to prevent spread of vancomycin resistance to other bacteria. Guidelines The hospital through cooperation with various sections should develop a detailed plan to screen, prevent and treat VRE cases. All the healthcare workers in the long-term care department should be provided instructions and training on ways of reducing VRE cases. Vancomycin should be administrated only when absolutely required, as its use becomes a risk factor for developing the infection. Transmission of the bacteria from one individual to another should be prevented using infection-control interventions. For hand washing, a strong antiseptic solution should be utilized. Individuals, who come in contact with a person infected or harboring VRE, should wash their hands immediately. VRE cases should also wash their hands with an antiseptic especially after using the toilet. Healthcare workers coming in contact with infected people or contaminated items should use gloves, mouth-masks and even cover gowns. After contact with contaminated surfaces, appropriate hand washing should be followed. Rooms suspected to be contaminated, should be cleaned thoroughly every day using a standard disinfectant. Medical equipment used on a VRE case should be thoroughly cleaned and appropriately disinfected before being utilized on another patient. Appropriate room-mate selection is required to prevent transmission of VRE infections. VRE cases should ideally be given a separate room. However, if this is not possible, they could share a room with another VRE case or an individual not at a risk of developing VRE infection. Special precautions should be taken in VRE cases who suffer from incontinence or who do not maintain proper personal hygiene. An individual with VRE need not be isolated during group activities provided appropriate personal hygiene measures are being taken. Extra precautions have to be taken by the hospital when more than 3 VRE cases are reported within a 3 month period. The Local Health Authorities have to be reported when any laboratory sample containing Vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is detected. Reference: CDC (2001). Recommendations for Preventing the Spread of Vancomycin Resistance Recommendations of the Hospital Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC). CommunityHealth Administration (2006). Guidelines for the Prevention and Control of Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE) in Long Term Care Facilities. Retrieved November 22, 2006, from Maryland Department of Health & Mental Hygiene. Medline Plus (1999). Vancomycin (Systemic). Retrieved November 21, 2006. Sanderson, R. (2000). Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE). Retrieved November 21, 2006. State of South Dakota (2006). Guidelines for Prevention and Contorl of Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci (VRE) in Long Term Care Facilities. Retrieved November 21, 2006.